As China's energy demands continue to grow exponentially it is becoming ever more reliant on coal. Although China's coal reserves, at 1.3 trillion tons, rank third worldwide it is the number one consumer and producer of coal globally by a wide margin. China is the world's second largest energy consumer and coal remains the primary source.
Although severe air pollution and primitive mining conditions are very serious concerns in China it is clear that coal is and will continue to be the key energy component fueling the country's development. This is largely due to China's lack of domestic energy alternatives, such as natural gas and oil. In addition, the existing energy infrastructure in China is centered on coal production and transportation.
The Development Research Center of the State Council estimates that in the coming decades, coal based power generation will account for 65 to 70 percent of China's total power, and that the country’s estimated coal reserves are expected to meet rising energy demands for at least the next two decades.
China National Coal Group Corp.
Datong Coal Mine
While China has had a long and intimate history with coal it was not until the arrival of foreign powers.
Following the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the Chinese government moved to nationalize and centralize coal production through a series of five year plans....>>