Chongqing Anti-Mafia Campaign Convicts Launch Appeal06-03 00:00 《财经》杂志
By intern reporters Zhang Yuxue and Li Enshu
Over two years after the conclusion of the “Chongqing Anti-Mafia Campaign,” which lasted for more than three years, people who were convicted during the process, including local businesspeople, former police officers, and low-level gang members, began to appeal their cases and file lawsuits against the abuse of policing power by their interrogators.
The Chongqing Changshou District Public Security Bureau decided July 16, 2011 to investigate private entrepreneur Lü Jian for organizing and leading gangs. Lü turned himself in July 28 and was detained on the same day.
On July 28, Gou Hongbo, who was in charge of investigation of Lü’s case, convinced police officers to employ unconventional means in their interrogations to make Lü confess. The interrogation was making little progress, so on the afternoon of July 30, Gou told Lü’s interrogators to step up their efforts, prompting Dan Bo and Zheng Xiaolin to torture Lü to get a confession.
Dan and Zheng handcuffed Lü to an iron hoop attached to a wall more than 190 centimeters from the ground with his arms raised and his back against the wall, forcing Lü to stand up for extended periods of time. Dan also fixed Lü to an iron chair, handcuffed him to the iron hoop on the wall with his arms raised, and dragged the chair away from the wall to torture him. The stress made Lü pass out and he ended up being hospitalized. The forensic doctor identified Lü as seriously injured.
Gou and Dan were found guilty of intentional assault May 13, 2014. Gou was sentenced to three years in prison with a three-year probation, and Dan was sentenced to two years and six months with a two year and six month reprieve. Zheng was found guilty of torture but absolved from criminal penalties.
Wu Jiong, chief of Chenjiaqiao Police Station, was detained by the procuratorate Oct. 17, 2013 for breaking local police officer Wang Yong’s clavicle through repeated torture during interrogations.
The appeal files submitted by several Chongqing Anti-Mafia Campaign convicts show that when Wang Lijun was in charge, the Chongqing Public Security Bureau set up a number of “external interrogation bases” to extort confessions by torture. For instance, Zhang Jichao, a former local police officer who received a three-year jail sentence for illegal possession of firearms and ammunition, claimed he was tortured at a local hotel. According to Zhang, he was made to sit on an iron chair for 14 days with his head covered, which caused his legs to swell up and skin ulcers to form near his tailbone.
Caijing learned that only a handful of the appeals have been accepted by the court thus far. Systemic review of relevant cases has not been carried out, as no final verdict has been rendered on the Anti-Mafia Campaign.
Sun Farong, former head of Chongqing Bar Association, expressed her disappointment at the Chongqing Anti-Mafia Campaign and the handling of the issue afterwards. Sun said that the cases would have been openly tried if there was introspection. She further stated that she does not expect them to introspect.
Guan Guangcheng, professor at Southwest University of Political Science & Law, said that inquisition by torture is illegal no matter the circumstances, under order or not, and those who abuse policing power should all be held accountable.
Full article in Chinese:http://magazine.caijing.com.cn/2014-06-02/114229473.html
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