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Commercialization of 5G Technology Expected by 2020

07-15 16:50 《财经》杂志 《财经》杂志
Much more than fifth-generation cellular mobile communication, it is the result of the integration of traditional mobile communications and cloud computing/large data.

By staffreporter Xie Lirong

Ericssonachieved speeds of 5 Gbps in the 15 GHz frequency band in live, over-the-airdemonstrations of the company's pre-standard 5G network technology in earlyJuly. This means people will be able to download five high-definition movieswithin one second once 5G technology is put to use.

So far, 5Gis more of a fuzzy concept, rather than an established technology or standard,though research institutions and organizations from European Union (EU)countries, China, Japan, as well as the United States have predicted that 5Gtechnology will be commercialized by 2020.

Ultra-highspeed, super-strong network service ability, and ultra-low deployment costs are5G network’s three ultimate goals, around which various manufacturers, researchinstitutions, and nations are exploring different technology paths as theyscramble to roll out mature technology standards. Organizations including theEU’s 5G PPP, China’s IMT-2020, South Korea’s 5G Forum, and Japan’s 2020 andBeyond AdHoc are striving to push forward the process.

It normallytakes at least two years to approve a proposed international standard, andanother three to five years to hone and maintain it. For a standard to beaccepted as an international standard, it needs to win the approval of 189countries, more than 600 industrial organizations, and various manufacturers.

Relevantcountries have stepped up cooperation to gain more allies.

The EU’s 5GPPP plans to enroll 800 members that cover all areas of Information andCommunications Technology (ICT), including wireless/opticalcommunication, Internet of Things, IT (virtualization, SDN, cloud computing, andbig data), software, security, terminals, smart cards, etc.

Chineseequipment maker Huawei was recently elected to 5G PPP’s board, which means thecompany will possess the core patents of 5G technology it participates indeveloping and have a bigger say in deciding the research direction and focus.

China isbecoming an increasingly important variable as 5G technology progresses.

Statisticsfrom the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) show that as ofthe end of May, China had 1.256 billion mobile users, accounting for one-thirdof the world total of about 3.5 billion.

Thecountry’s huge user base means that Chinese telecom carriers’ preferences willhave a great impact on the setting of international standards, because intelecommunications, a bigger user base equals lower network construction andupgrading costs.

Telecomoperators and telecom equipment makers have long dominated decision-making interms of network types; however, changes are underway as telecommunications andthe Internet are integrating at the network and operational level.

Telecommunicationsexpert Hou Ziqiangwrote early this year that 5G is a product of ICT integration. Muchmore than fifth-generation cellular mobile communication, it is the result ofthe integration of traditional mobile communicationsand cloud computing/large data. The telecom industry must workwith IT and Internet companies as it cannot stand up to the task of developing5G alone, contends Hou. 

Full article in Chinese: http://magazine.caijing.com.cn/2014-07-14/114329322.html

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