China's total fertility rate is far below the intergenerational replacement level, fertility desire has shown a continued downturn, the absolute quantity of labor fell for the first time, and the population is aging faster expected. This has led to an increased financial burden on the young workforce who must support their elderly kin and caused one million families that have lost their only child to suffer even more serious spiritual and supporting plight.
The various contradictions show that adjusting birth policy is a major reform area that involves relatively few special interests and has a large amount of beneficiaries.
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